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REPORT: <br />Complete Streets emphasize the importance of designing for safety of vulnerable road users <br />and safe motor vehicle speeds, improving transportation choices and advancing sustainability. <br />Benefits of complete streets <br />Safety – Reducing motor vehicle speeds is amajor contributor to safety for all users. Complete <br />Streets reduce speedsby narrowing the road width and provides more space in the right-of-way <br />for boulevards, sidewalks and/or bicycle infrastructure. <br />Cost effective – Speed and safety are common concerns that are heard from the general public. <br />This has led to many traffic calming projects and road safety initiatives. Retrofitting “incomplete” <br />streets for safer speeds and more balanced transportation infrastructure is more costly than <br />building complete streets during new land development processesor during scheduled <br />reconstructions. <br />Maximizing transit investment – The Region of Waterloo and local taxpayers have made a <br />significant investment in ION light rail and transit improvements. Complete Streets maximize <br />these investments by emphasizing safe, convenient accessto transit throughactive <br />transportation. <br />Reducing road congestion – For every person choosing to walk, bike or take transit, that’s one <br />less vehicle contributing to road congestionand wear and tear on the roadway. Complete Streets <br />create a more balanced transportation network that reduces reliance on single-occupant <br />vehicles. <br />Climate action – In 2016, 46% of all vehicle trips in Waterloo Region werelessthan 5 km with <br />4 <br />no passengers.Complete Streets facilitate a shift ofthese trips to active transportation and/or <br />transit, making a significant contribution to reaching climate action goals. <br />Environmental sustainability – Complete Streets improve stormwater runoff quality and quantity <br />through incorporation of Low Impact Development (LID) features and providing boulevard space <br />to protect and grow the tree canopy. <br />Economic development – The Canadian Automobile Associationestimates that vehicle <br />5 <br />ownership has a cost of $9,500 per year.Complete Streets provideviable alternatives to vehicle <br />ownership, improvingresidents’ cost of living and freeingup discretionary funds for purchases <br />in the local economy.Complete Streets and vibrant streetscapes attract businesses, talent and <br />4 <br />Transportation Information Steering Committee (TISC), “Transportation for Tomorrow Survey,” (Toronto, 2016), <br />http://dmg.utoronto.ca/transportation-tomorrow-survey/tts-introduction. <br />5 <br />Canadian Automobile Association, “CAA provides real picture of annual driving costs,” (Ottawa, 2013), <br />https://www.caa.ca/caa-provides-real-picture-of-annual-driving-costs/. <br />2 - 3 <br />