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Community engagement includedan online survey to gauge public support for lower <br />speed limits in residential neighbourhoods. The survey showed that 57%of the <br />participants are insupport. <br />This report supportsthestrategic priority 3 (Safe and Thriving Neighbourhoods), <br />strategy 3.2 (Create safer streets in our neighbourhoods through new traffic calming <br />approaches), strategic action NB38 (traffic calming) of the City of Kitchener’s Strategic <br />Plan. <br />BACKGROUND: <br />Speeding in residential neighbourhoods is one of the most common concerns raised by <br />residents to Transportation staff and members of Council. In an effort to address this <br />community wide concern, staff haveengagedwith local residents, community associations, <br />ward Councillorsand other stakeholdersthrough a number of different initiativesto better <br />understandhowthe community feels that Kitchener’s streets can be made safer for all road <br />users. <br />As a resultof continued input and concerns from the communitya neighbourhood speed <br />limit review project was launched in 2019, throughcouncil’s support ofreport DSD-19-159 <br />–Neighbourhood Speed Limit Review. This pilot projectresulted inthe speed limits being <br />reduced in three Kitchener communities. The intent of the pilot project wasto assess the <br />effectiveness of lowering speed limits onvehicle operating speeds.To better understand <br />the impact of speed limit reduction in residential communities, staff also conductedbest <br />practices review and researched theexperience of other municipalities. <br />REPORT: <br />Relationship Between Speed and Traffic Safety <br />Vehicle operating speeds and safety are interconnected. Studiesconducted throughthe <br />transportation engineering field haveshowna stronganddirect correlation between higher <br />speeds and the likelihood of involvement in a casualty collision–a collision that results in <br />1 <br />serious injury or fatality.Studies also show the likelihood of survival in a collision between <br />a vehicle and a pedestrian is approximately 15% when the vehicle is traveling at 50 km/h. <br />However, the likelihood of survival increases to 70% when the vehicle is traveling at 40 <br />2 <br />km/h.Drivers travelling at lower speeds aretypicallybetter able to scan the roadway, and <br />notice objects and unusual movement closer to their vehicle, which lowers the potential for <br />a collision to occur.Reduced speedsalso increase opportunityfor eye contact between <br />3 <br />road users, which can also play an important role in preventing collisions. <br />Neighbourhood Speed Limit Approach <br />On May 1, 2018, the Highway Traffic Act (HTA) was amended to allow municipalities to <br />define speed limits by identified neighbourhood areas.In this approach, speed limitsare <br />posted at the entry and exit points of a neighbourhood,eliminating the need to add signage <br />to each roadway within the designated area <br />1 <br />Driving speed and the risk of road crashes: A review, Letty Aarts, Ingrid Van Schagen, April 2005, Elsevier <br />2 <br />Vision Zero 2.0 –Road Safety Plan Update, City of Toronto, 2019 <br />3 <br />Residential Speed Limit Review –Background Information, City of Saskatoon, 2021 <br />